Back to Lesson Page click here
1 , 2
3 , 4
5 , 6
7 , 8
9 , 10
11 , 12
13 , 14
15 , 16
17, 18
19 , 20
21 , 22
23 , 24
page  5 page 6

Teacher preparation: 

Print out the Exercise sheet for each pupil ( for home practice and parent's reference ). 

Make an overhead transparency of the Exercise sheet - Sopranino recorder (1) for class instruction. 
[ It is important that pupils do not slouch and bend to look at notes. Having the notes on OHT allows pupils to follow the notes when the teacher is pointing to them .]

Read up about caring for recorders.

Prepare a nice tune to play on your Sopranino for your pupils to listen.

[a] Pupils to recognise / feel  beats in melodies. 
[b] Pupils to listen to a recorder tune.
[c] Pupils to practise correct posture whether sitting or standing. 
[d] Pupils to understand how to hold a recorder properly.
[e] Pupils to be able to produce a pleasant tone for one  pitch ( E note )
[f] Pupils to learn how to care for their recorders. 
[g] Pupils to learn how to clap rhythms consisting of  quarter notes, half notes, whole notes and quarter
note rest.

Resources: Sopranino recorders , Exercise sheet, Beat Circle chart (make your own)


Tuning In: Teacher shows the Beat Circle chart. Pupils clap to the beats while teacher points to each circle. Teacher varies the speed. Pupils sing to "tu" a simple tune, clapping the beat, while the teacher points to the beat on the Beat Circle.

[1] Play a tune on your Sopranino for your pupils to listen. They can feel the beat while you play it a second time.
[2] Talk about how to care for the recorder
[3] More practice on correct hand positions and posture when playing the recorder.
[4] Each pupil to try out playing the note E on the recorder. Teacher to listen and check that every single person is able to achieve at least a good sound. Check for air leakage or improper blowing if sound is squeaky

[5] Imitation activity : Teacher first vocalises the rhythm to 'tu', while showing the correct fingering for note E.  Pupils to copy the action. Then teacher plays a rhythm ( one by one ) as indicated on the Exercise sheet while pupils follow on their  recorders. When the pupils can get the rhythm and sound right, show them the rhythm notations projected on a screen. Play the rhythm again. Discuss how different note durations are represented.

Follow this sequence:

  1. teacher to tongue the rhythm, saying "tu, tu etc." while fingering the recorder ( place recorder just below the lips )
  2. pupils imitate tonguing and fingering
  3. teacher plays the rhythm / tune
  4. pupils imitate playing of tunes
  5. teacher to show notations, point to notations
  6. pupils play from notations
Summary: Ask for volunteers to demonstrate the following:
[a] proper posture 
[b] proper way of holding a recorder
[c] name the letter of the note that they have learnt and show its position on the staff

Practice points:
Pupils must practise to get good sound on E note with proper hand positions ( 5 - 10 minutes a day ). Pupils to practise with the aid of the Exercise sheet to strengthen rhythm concepts.

  • When teacher is demonstrating, pupils should hold the recorder under the lip without playing.
  • Teacher's playing will motivate the pupils.
  • Try to use an instrument of the same model as your pupils. This will convince them better that good music / sound comes from good playing techniques and not just because the teacher's instrument is superior!
  • Following the sequence of playing from imitating to reading notation ensures better understanding of the "unknown" .
  • Do additional rhythm activities to strengthen the concepts of beat and rhythm. This should be on going throughout the course.
Exercise Sheet 1 - Sopranino Recorder (1)
Copyright 2002; Lynda Shen, All Rights Reserved